Breed standard for "bakhmull"
Bakhmull is an aboriginal afghan hound belonging to an ancient group of oriental sighthounds. Bakhmull has developed in mountainous areas in Mid and Central Asia - ancient Penjab, Northern India. It has been used for hunting wild ram and mountain goat, wild big cats , wolves, foxes and hares solo, in couple and rarely in packs. Since the 80's the center of revival, breeding and developement of backhmulls is in Russia, Moscow, club and kennel "Blue Dale el Bark" phone.7-495-4454339, 121352 Moscow, Slavyanski blv 7-1-149, president and executive Natalia Gherasiova.
Breed standard for "BAKHMULL" adopted 13.01.1997 by RFOS - The Russian Federation of Hunting Dogs' Owners (RFOS-RKF). Author and translator Natalia Gherasiova, president and executive of the national club "Bakhmull", the kennel and club of oriental sighthounds" Blue Dale el Bark" since 1992.
Aboriginal mountainous Afghan Hound, a hunting dog Bakhmull has an average lifespan 13,5 – 17 years (dogs) and 14 – 18 years (females). Major health issues are cancer. Bakhmulls live longer than decorative refined Afghan Hounds because they are hunting sighthounds . Evolution created such longliver under severe weather conditions in highlands. Bakhmull had to get its living and obtain food for human beings by hunting for wild ram and mountainous goat “Tau Teke” in contrast to decorative (Western type) Afghan Hound, which is fed from the owners’ hands as a favor for its unique, gorgeous, king beauty, typical of decorative Afghan hounds.
General appearance and temperament
Bakhmull is upstanding, having majestic carriage,
well boned and well muscled but not massive (mass 25- 35 kg), speedy,
manoeuvring, showing great jumping power, capable of great endurance, having
good sight, both upper and lowers scent. Bakhmull is a good guard and yields to
training if treated with care and respect. Graceful and powerful, well balanced
in conformation and mind, of perfect symmetry, beautiful and noble, aggressive
to beasts and generous to people, especially to children, intelligent and
affectionate, even disposition, joyous, calm at home but alert reckless in
field. Bitches are shy and feminine, their main mission is to reproduce
offspring. Females' exterior is not so bright as that of males. Bakhmulls,
especially dogs, carry themselves with dignity, have qualities of a leader and
try to dominate over other dogs, demanding much respect for themselves.
Bakhmulls serve people to their utmost. Require a lot of field training and
chasing a quarry. Though coat is long enough, it doesn't require much grooming.
Paws are well protected from injures by feathering. Long silky velvet coat and
stamina makes it possible to withstand severe weather. A MUST for
the breed is: presence of
natural (not trimmed) "saddle" covered with short, coarse, close set hair, well
feathered ears and "breeches" around second thighs; short hair on the front
parts of fore-and hindquarters and the muzzle; light fawn, ivory or white color
of long hair except the "saddle" of a darker fawn color; tail in a full ring or
half a ring, a unique combination of elegance and might.
any trace of coarseness, aggressiveness to people, cowardice to
beasts, croup up and front low, too stocky or high on legs, extreme light, lean
bone structure, insufficiently developed muscles, lean and robust constitution,
not protective color- black, brindle, dark red color.
Protective, always light color, fawn of
various shades : lighter or darker, golden( but never red or dark red),
ivory or white with silvery or golden shade, pure white, rarely light grey; long
silky velvet angora coat coupled with a fawn , rarely grey "saddle" of smooth,
short, coarse close hair. White short smooth close hair on the muzzle
and on the front parts of fore and hindquarters . Even if the hound is
of fawn or dark fawn color, the color of the muzzle, round eyes and lips, on the
neck underneath and on the brisket, round the pasterns and the metatartus (from
the hind paws up to the hocks) , under the sternum and the belly, sometimes the
end of the tail are of white color independent of light fawn or dark fawn color
is the hound.(There is a special word in Russian for lighter color on the inside
parts of the body and legs, the muzzle of an animal, underneath the lower jaw).
Light color with bakhmulls is a MUST, because
it is protective ( khaki) color that matches sandstone and limestone of the
mountain ranges and semi cold deserts in the primary motherland of bakhmulls.
Faults: black, black and white, black and tanned, red , dark red, brindle
(these colors except black and tanned are typical of taigans - another breed).
Long, silky-velvet, angora like, straight hair
coupled with darker "saddle" covered with smooth short coarse close hair of
protective fawn, ivory or white color with a darker fawn "saddle" which gives an
impression of a fawn dog (yellowish, golden) as a whole. Short white close set
hair on the front parts of fore and hindquarters and the muzzle . Head is
surmounted with long silky velvet hair, coming back and down from the scull
along the ears. Almost the whole body except the upper part of neck, where the
"saddle" begins, the "belt" on the upper part of the tail, the front parts of
four legs and muzzle covered with long white velvet coat: shoulders, especially
elbows, forelegs behind, chest and brisket, ribs, thighs and especially second
thighs around ("bridges"). Tail has longer, rather scarce, coarser hair.
Toes of fore and hindlegs as well as pads are covered with soft long hair.
Disposition of coat shows natural adaptation to severe (heat or cold) weather
with great fluctuations of temperature. Short hair on front parts of four legs
(metatarsal and metacarpal bones) manifest aerodynamic abilities for fast racing
and high speed (parts of body covered with short hair to diminish the resistance
of wind). Profound protection of paws from rocky tough ground are provided with
long dense hair of paws. Protective fawn color makes the hounds less visible for
animals and is another evidence of its ancient origin. Such remarkable coat, its
disposition , color and texture (which varies and under close view consists of
six kinds: ears, body, front parts of legs and muzzle, underneath tail, pads,
Faults: smooth short coat instead of long silky coat on the body, ears,
elbows, round the second thighs and underneath the tail. Absence of natural
"saddle" which starts from the neck, continues on the back and ends on the upper
part of the tail as a belt. . No short coat on the front parts of legs.
The head of bakhmull is a distinguished part of
the body which says about its ancient origin . It is well defined, aristocratic,
elegant, neither narrow nor broad, with a slight stop, prominent occipital bone,
powerful jaws, always scissors bite (never level bite), a full complete of big
white teeth. The length of the muzzle from the tip of the nose to the middle of
the eyes is equal to the length from the eyes to the occiput. Head is surmounted
by a topknot falling back and by sides. The head must be held
Foreface straight or a bit arched, full, showing strength of jaws,
especially the lower one.
Faults: any trace of plainness or coarseness, too broad or too narrow scull,
unequal length of muzzle and scull, "duck" like foreface, weak jaws (especially
the lower one), too long muzzle, level bite.
"Gazelle like", large, brown or dark brown,
slanting upwards, which show oriental origin, of almond shape. Eye rims
(eyelids) always outlined black, emphasizing oriental origin. Arched protruded
eyebrows give an impression of triangular eyes. The expression of the eyes is
considerate, tranquil, intelligent. Intelligence and courtesy, which can be seen
by eyes, are innate abilities of a bakhmull and testify to the ancient origin of
Faults: not slanting, small, close set, round, bulged, yellowish (must always
be brown), not of almond or triangle shape, not outlined black eye rims.
Large and movable when scenting,
black as well as lips and eye rims.
In case with snow white bakhmulls liver
color is permissible but not desirable.
Faults: pink or liver color, not big nostrils, small.
Long, set on the level with the outer corners of
the eyes or higher ( not lower as bakhmull is a hunting hound), may raise a
little when the hound is on the alert; covered with long silky hair, might be
trimmed black at the ends especially with puppies. The leather of ear may almost
reach the corner of the lips.
Faults: too long or too short, not covered with long silky hair, set very
Teeth pearl white, large, full formula of 42
teeth, prominent and threatening, that is typical of all oriental breeds of
(sight)hounds. (Note: availability of all 42 large teeth is quite a problem for
"civilized" modern dogs and is a must for aboriginal breeds of hunting dogs).
"Scissors" bite is correct. "Level" bite is not permissible.
overshot, undershot, inherited lack of even one tooth (but not
as a result of trauma), level bite, small teeth.
Long, strong, muscular, elegantly arched or
straight, running naturally to high powerful withers. "Saddle" of short hair and
darker color begins with the neck of a mature hound.
short, loaded, " sheep" neck, "swan" neck.
Broad, deep, ribs almost reaching the elbows,
narrowing down, ribs rather barrel like. Girth of the chest for males: 77-83 cm
and for females: 74-78 cm.
narrow or too open wide the chest.
Powerful and prominent, well boned, wide apart at
a distance of 7 cm. ( 2.3 in.)
HEIGHT: dogs 68- 73
cm. (27- 28.5 in.), bitches 65- 70 cm .(25.5- 27.5 in.) Bakhmull is a fine
upstanding hound, the height in withers is 3- 4 cm higher than in croup ( which
is not typical of taigan or taza). WEIGHT :
dogs 29- 36 kg. , bitches 23- 30 kg. Height for dogs 75 cm. and for bitches
72 cm. permissible but not desirable. The distance between the top of withers
and the pit in the backbone ( a diaphragmatic vertebra)
must be 16- 22 cm. Both overmuscled and undermuscled hound is not a
good chaser for long distances.
Faults: not prominent, weakly boned, set close, not falling down at an angle
to the pit of the backbone. The distance between the top of the withers and the
pit is less than 15 cm.
Level, long and broad, well muscled, strong with
a little pit , made by a diaphragmatic vertebra. Bakhmull may
be square or oblong (index of extension is 100-103, even 105) but never
rectangular. The top line of bakhmull differs substantially from that of the
Russian psovaya borzaya , whose back is arched.
Faults: shortened in the length of body, too high on legs, absence of the
pit, not well muscled.
Straight or a bit arched , broad and long, well
muscled, springy , showing great strength, playing a very important role when
roached, wheel, narrow, weak.
Powerful and wide, not long and note very slope.
The distance between prominent hip bones is not less than 8 cm. (8 - 10.5 cm. =
3.2 - 4 in.)
Faults: very slope, not powerful, too long, narrow.
Tucked up not so much curved as in case with
Russian psovaya borzaya .
flabby, too curved.
Supple and elastic.
Faults: coarse, rough,not elastic.
Withers (scapula) sloping, powerful, well muscled
but not loaded. Scapula together with sternum (shoulder) create a 110 degree
angle. Forelegs are straight and upright, set in parallel, wide front. Elbows
are prominent and strictly look back, not inside or outside. Front pasterns
(metacarpus) are strong and rather long, springy and a bit oblique to the
Faults: straight shoulder (over 120 degrees) is a great fault, pigeon-toed,
toeing in or out.
Parallel, of good length, powerful, well muscled,
well bent, showing good angulation, stifles and hocks well developed. Hip bones
rather prominent and wide apart. First thigh (upper) and second thigh (lower)
are equal in length and well muscled. Hind pasterns (metatarsal bones) are
shorter than thighs, but rather long, vertically set, springy, hocks apart.
Faults: short upper
thigh, lack of good angulation of joints, hocks close set - so called "cow
Long, not reaching the hock 4- 5 cm , thick at the
basement, tapering to the end, curved in one full ring or half a ring
, feathered well with long coarser not very abundant straight hair on
the underside. The ring at the end (like that of taigan) is not desirable
because when raised it makes two rings. It is set rather high at the basement on
the croup or in the middle but not low. When standing on the alert, the tail is
always high in a ring over the croup, when at rest it is downcast in a ring. In
action during galloping the tail is held on the level or higher the line of the
back, curving in different directions and plays the role of a helm. Bitches are
shy by nature and can often be seen with the tail between the legs at shows,
which must not be considered a fault unlike dogs.
straight (not a ring), "setter" like tail, lack of feathering
of straight coarser hair underneath the tail, bent right or left of the tail,
short tail, very thin tail, tail downcast without a ring, a small ring at the
end of the ring like taigan tail impossible to unbent, because when raised over
croup it makes two rings instead of one - so called "overwinded" tail.
Fore feet strong and large both in length
and breadth, toes arched, pads thick and strong. Hind feet oval, more narrow
than the fore feet. Feet and pads are covered with long soft thick hair, both
upper and lower sides, protecting the hound from hazards of firm soil. Claws are
Faults: open wide
toes, weak paws.
Gait is easy and springy. Searching for a prey bakhmull walks or jogtrots.
After seeing a beast it starts galloping very fast with a whole body, moving
with head and tail high, covering long distances, overcoming obstacles on the
way, steeplechasing, changing the direction of movement all of a sudden with a
great skill, jumping over hindrances up to 2.5 metres high.
When galloping Bakhmull makes a ball of the body, providing a great power of push shove,
bringing hind legs forward and up while the forelegs are between the hind legs
far back. Bakhmull's race reminds that of a cheetah. Unlike other breeds of
sighthounds (except taigan) bakhmulls are able to chase a quarry in woods
without a risk to hurt themselves badly. Owing to great ability for swinging at
a high speed, bakhmull can hunt a hare solo and can manage without assistance of
another hound. They usually hunt in pairs.
Combination of two polar qualities: might
and elegance in appearance and behaviour are typical of bakhmulls. A
great sense of dignity, love for freedom and independency, nobility implanted in
a genetic memory and developed within thousands of years during the evolution of
nature, willingness to teach its kids and protect them until they grow up and
start protecting aging weaker ones against attacks of other dogs, love for
smaller dogs of other breeds, but dominating large breeds, especially those
reminding wolves; love and desire to protect human babies, affection and
kindness to people, striving for guarding people, their dwellings and children;
inborn intelligence and cleanliness, zeal for an animal and tolerance to people,
harmony in constitution and harmony in mind, stable strong psyche and a great
range of feelings.
Bakhmulls are joyful by nature and can enjoy life, racing,
swimming, hunting and just long walk infine weather. They are grateful to owners
for giving them such fun and manifest it this or that way. Bakhmulls are
communicative but some can be aloof and distrustful to strangers. Bakhmull never
attacks people, unless there is a serious reason, such as a threat to the
master, baby or so. Within their own family bakhmulls strictly observe
subordination and yield to escape conflicts. They observe subordination and
mutual respect. No matter younger or older a bakhmull will never step over
another sleeping bakhmull. He will stop and ask for giving him the way to pass a
narrow passage by means of telepathy. It may take quite long unless the first
one awakes and gives the way. Respect and subordination for them is an instinct.
Bakhmull is very polite to people and never asks for food or walks. He is
tolerant and importunate. He does not impose on people with his own desires.
Some people might envy Bakhmull's courtesy, courtesy and high inborn culture of
behaviour. Bakhmull is a good , courageous warrior and can serve people to the
utmost. He approaches a prey with an open mouth, producing threatening sounds,
warning that he is very close and ready for the last decisive battle. Bakhmull
can be missing the master very deeply if feels that he was betrayed and left,
but he is able to forgive the master as well.
But there are "closed" pages in Bakhmull's temper
and behaviour which seem to be unreadable. Bakhmull takes a decision by himself
and when he considers it necessary.
Логотип клуба охотничьих восточных борзых "Голубая долина эль Барк" и НКП Бакхмулль.
Президент: Герасева Наталия Павловна.
Телефон: +7 (495) 445-43-39
Natalia Gherasiova, the breeder of bakhmulls and
the author of the breed standard with comments. President and Executive of the
kennel and club "Blue Dale el Bark" and the national club "BAKHMULL".